The HR Life Cycle and How to Face the Challenges at Each Stage

We are born; we become toddlers, children, pre-teens, teenagers, young adults, adults, middle-aged, geriatric, and then we pass on. This is the life cycle of a human being, and almost everything else in the world has its own cycle to go through during its lifespan.

The HR life cycle consists of the stages employees go through from the point of recruitment, until they no longer work at a company. The HR department plays an active role in working with the employee to face the challenges and opportunities during each stage. It is a role that requires tremendous responsibility; when there is an interruption or failure during any of the stages, immediate action is vital. To prevent and deal with problems, it is important to recognize the stages and act accordingly.

Six Stages of the HR Life Cycle

The HR life cycle stages are:

Employees Go Through the HR Life Cycle

1. Recruitment
Hiring the right people is critical to every business. To do this successfully, HR has to create a staffing plan. This includes analyzing roles and appropriate compensation, a strategy to attract suitable applicants and developing an interview protocol.
2. Training
Education should start the moment an employee begins to work at a company. Every member of staff should know exactly what is expected from them in regards to their role and the company culture, before they start doing work. As things change, training should be adapted. A lot of issues arise from employees being dumped in the deep end without proper training.
3. Motivation
A motivated team is invaluable to any company. By communicating effectively and offering the right incentives to employees, they will remain motivated. It is important to remember that incentives are not only measured in dollar bills; recognition, benefits and growth opportunities can be as attractive.
4. Evaluation
For HR staff to determine whether an employee is in the right role, performance has to be evaluated. Performance reviews should be done based on facts and feelings should not play a role. Reviews should precede professional development based on findings. Besides performance reviews, regular interaction and feedback promotes communication and understanding between employers and employees.
5. Rewards
Employers should not forget to say thank you for work well done. This motivates employees to do more good work. A thank you can be verbal or in the form of unique benefits like paid time off or flexible hours.
6. Exit
All good things come to an end. Whether it ends with retirement, resignation or for another reason, there are steps to follow when an employee is no longer going to work for the company. Parting ways in a positive manner is important.

One Step at a Time

Experiencing these six crucial stages of the HR life cycle can be overwhelming and fraught with potential pitfalls for the employer and the employee. The best way to approach each stage is to gear up with as much knowledge as possible and then simply tackle it step by step.